307 - Sticks

All about problems in Volume 3. If there is a thread about your problem, please use it. If not, create one with its number in the subject.

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wsarzynski
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Post by wsarzynski » Wed Oct 09, 2002 12:27 am

By the way, this is not NP-complete problem.
(Parts lenghts are bounded by 50).

uzioriluzan
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Post by uzioriluzan » Mon Oct 28, 2002 7:24 pm

Hi all! What's the idea behind the dynamic programming?
Thanx a lot! :D
Adrian Kuegel wrote:My solution worked with an array with 100000 elements. So there are no more than 100000 parts in the input.
But how do you store the used solutions? I think this is your problem. I used another array of 100000 elements to memorize, which parts I had used and reset it after every step (that means after I had not found a solution with length n and had to look for a solution with length n+1).

zerosean
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307: Sticks ... please give me test data

Post by zerosean » Sun Jan 19, 2003 3:06 pm

these are test data I have:

9
12 12 12 11 11 11 10 10 10
48
3 7 8 4 1 1 6 3 6 1 5 5 8 4 8 2 7 6 3 3 8 5 6 7 4 8 6 6 8 5 8 3 3 5 5 4 1 8 3 1 2 7 1 6 2 6 8 8
38
2 6 6 8 7 4 1 8 4 1 4 4 3 3 2 3 3 4 6 8 8 7 2 4 1 1 5 8 4 7 6 5 1 3 3 3 1 6
9
5 2 1 5 2 1 5 2 1
4
1 2 3 4
9
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
40
1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 14 14 15 16 21 22 35 40
10
21 14 13 11 9 6 4 3 2 1

and these are my output:
33
47
18
6
5
10
62
21

However, I had Wrong Answer judge after 6 sec of running.
I just worn out..
What's wrong?
Can you show me other test data?

below is my algorithm sketch:
1) read input
2) guess target stick length : a number can divide sum of input
3) verify target length : first fit and backtrack
a. number of subset = sum of input / target stick length
b. make all subset size = target stick length
use first fit: that is, blindly select first item of array
c. if fail, backtrack
. erase failed subset from item list
. generate subset of failed(size mismatch) subset
. add subset to the item list and retry until all subset tried

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hank
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307 - Sticks

Post by hank » Wed Mar 26, 2003 7:08 am

Does anybody know how to solve this problem without TLE....?
:(

turuthok
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Post by turuthok » Thu Mar 27, 2003 2:42 am

This problem is really interesting and hard at the same time. It slowly leads me to bin-packing or integer-partioning problem ... which is NP-hard ... Most likely, my approach is not right ... could somebody give me a hint on this ...

Thanks a lot,

-turuthok-
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anupam
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Post by anupam » Fri Mar 28, 2003 12:47 pm

i used dp but getting wa...
is there any tricky case????
"Everything should be made simple, but not always simpler"

turuthok
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Post by turuthok » Tue Apr 01, 2003 5:42 am

Just an update, ... I've been trying to solve this problem using "backtracking". It sure involves a lot of optimization. But, so far, mine still got TLE.

Still can't think of any DP approach for this ... I definitely need some words of wisdom here ...

BTW, ...
I noticed that as of today, the time-limit for this problem is 10 seconds. I saw lots of AC-ed solutions took more than 10 seconds.

-turuthok-
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge (Proverbs 1:7).

Dominik Michniewski
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Post by Dominik Michniewski » Tue Apr 01, 2003 8:08 am

If judge don't rejudge this problem yet, it's possible, that in ranklist are solutions which took more then 10 sec of time. But after rejudgement they disappear ;-)

Dominik
If you really want to get Accepted, try to think about possible, and after that - about impossible ... and you'll get, what you want ....
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turuthok
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Post by turuthok » Tue Apr 01, 2003 11:54 am

Could somebody please confirm these input/outputs:

Input

Code: Select all

100
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 1 1 1 1 3
100
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 47
100
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 49
100
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
49 49 47 47 47 47 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 49
9
5 2 1 5 2 1 5 2 1 
4 
1 2 3 4 
0 
Output

Code: Select all

4662
54
74
4911
6
5
Is there any critical-input with at most 100 parts ... I know I got TLE >= 10 secs with inputs <= 100 from the judge. For above inputs, my solution gives the outputs pretty quick.

Thanks for any inputs/suggestions ...

-turuthok-
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge (Proverbs 1:7).

Per
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Post by Per » Wed Apr 16, 2003 7:49 pm

turuthok: your output is correct (or at least my accepted solution outputs the same).

Here are the test cases I used.

Code: Select all

57
50 49 48 43 32 29 28 17 14 13 12 12 9 8 6 28 29 12 32 48 40 8 13 9 49 12 43 17 14 50 2 3 3 2 1 2 37 30 19 2 31 3 12 31 31 23 9 5 49 4 23 49 43 50 25 24 8 8
10
21 14 13 11 9 6 4 3 2 1
48
3 7 8 4 1 1 6 3 6 1 5 5 8 4 8 2 7 6 3 3 8 5 6 7 4 8 6 6 8 5 8 3 3 5 5 4 1 8 3 1 2 7 1 6 2 6 8 8
38
2 6 6 8 7 4 1 8 4 1 4 4 3 3 2 3 3 4 6 8 8 7 2 4 1 1 5 8 4 7 6 5 1 3 3 3 1 6
Output should be

Code: Select all

82
21
47
18

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hank
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Post by hank » Sun May 18, 2003 4:17 pm

The problem must be solved by Backtracking.

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hank
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Post by hank » Tue May 20, 2003 2:14 pm

How did you solve it? Can you share your method with us?

Thanks a lot!!

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hank
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Post by hank » Tue May 20, 2003 2:19 pm

anupam wrote:i used dp but getting wa...
is there any tricky case????
The problem can be solved by DP? That's interesting!!
What's your method?

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hank
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Post by hank » Thu May 22, 2003 12:26 pm

Hello Adrian Kuegel!!
What is your method to solve this problem?
Can you share your method with us?

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hank
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Post by hank » Sat Aug 16, 2003 6:05 am

Hi, I still can't figure out the problem.
My method is using recursion. and I always get TLE...
(but I think it is fast enough)
The following is my code. I hope you can give me some tips.
Thanks in advance.
[c]#include "stdio.h"
#include "stdlib.h"
#include "string.h"
#define MAX 200
int n,stick[MAX],howmany[MAX],target,yes,count,sum;
int newc,pp;
void sort_stick()
{
int i,j,p;
do{
p=0;
for(i=1;i<=count;i++)
if(stick[i-1]<stick){
stick[i-1]^=stick^=stick[i-1]^=stick;
howmany[i-1]^=howmany^=howmany[i-1]^=howmany;
p=1;
}
}while(p);
}
void recursive(int extra,int finishedstick,int total)
{
int i,j,k,tmp,restart=0;
if(total==target){
finishedstick++;
newc=finishedstick;
restart=1;
if( finishedstick>=pp-1 ) yes=1;
}else if( total>target )
return;
if( yes ) return;
j=total;
for(i=extra;i<=count;i++)
if(howmany>0){
j+=stick*howmany;
if(j>=target) break;
}
if(j<target) return;
for(i=extra;i<=count;i++){
if(howmany<=0) continue;
if( (j=restart?stick:total+stick[i])>target ) continue;
tmp=howmany[i];
howmany[i]--;
recursive(restart?0:i,finishedstick,restart?stick[i]:total+stick[i]);
if( yes ) return;
howmany[i]=tmp;
if(restart||total+stick[i]==target)
return;
}
}
void main()
{
int N,i,tmp,j,k,minlen;
for( ; ; ){
scanf(" %d ", &n );
if(!n) break;
count=-1;
memset(howmany,0,sizeof(howmany));
minlen=0;
for( i=sum=0 ; i<n ; i++ ){
scanf("%d",&tmp);
if(tmp>minlen) minlen=tmp;
sum+=tmp;
k=0;
for(j=k=0;j<=count;j++)
if( stick[j]==tmp ){
howmany[j]++;
k=1;
break;
}
if(!k){
count++;
stick[count]=tmp;
howmany[count]=1;
}
}
sort_stick();
for(i=minlen;i<=sum;i++){
if(sum%i) continue;
target=i;
pp=sum/i;
yes=0;
recursive(0,0,0);
if(yes) {
printf("\n");
break;
}
}
}
}[/c]

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